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The Criminal Code (Straffeloven)

TEACHERS AND STAFF HAVE THE RIGHT TO A SAFE WORKING ENVIRONMENT. IT IS A CRIME TO THREATEN, HARASS, INTIMIDATE, OR MAKE FALSE ACCUSATIONS AGAINST A TEACHER OR STAFF MEMBER WORKING IN THE SCHOOL. THE FOLLOWING SECTIONS ARE COPIED FROM THE CRIMINAL CODE (STRAFFELOVEN).

§222. False accusation

Anyone who, by providing incorrect information to the court, the police or another public authority, by fabricating evidence or by other behavior, creates an incorrect basis for criminal liability, and thereby causes someone to be charged or convicted, is punished with a fine or imprisonment of up to 3 years.

§223. Gross false accusation

Gross false accusation is punishable by imprisonment for up to 10 years. When deciding whether the accusation is serious, emphasis must be placed on

a. what consequences the accusation has or could have had,

b. the nature and content of the accusation, and

c. the other circumstances of the infringement.

§224. Arbitrary accusation

Anyone who, by providing incorrect information to the court, the public prosecutor's office or another public authority, accuses someone of a criminal offense without reasonable grounds for suspicion is punished with a fine or imprisonment of up to 1 year.

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§225. Accusation of fabricated criminal offense

With a fine or imprisonment of up to 1 year, whoever

a. before the court, the public prosecutor's office or another public authority reports a criminal offense that has not been committed, or

b. does something to raise suspicion that a criminal offense has been committed, without it having been.

§263. Threats

Anyone who, in word or deed, threatens punishable behavior under such circumstances that the threat is suitable to cause serious fear, is punished with a fine or imprisonment for up to 1 year.

§264. Serious threats

Serious threats are punishable by imprisonment for up to 3 years. When deciding whether the threat is serious, particular emphasis must be placed on whether it is directed at a defenseless person, whether it is made unprovoked or by several people together and whether it is motivated by the victim's skin color, national or ethnic origin, religion, outlook on life, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression or disability.

§265. Separate protection for certain occupational groups

Anyone who seeks to influence the professional practice of a person from a particularly vulnerable occupational group by means of threats is punished with a fine or imprisonment of up to 2 years.

Understood as a particularly vulnerable occupational group

a. healthcare personnel who provide medically justified healthcare, and fire and rescue personnel who provide effort in assignments,

b. persons who manage generally accessible passenger transport, such as railways, subways, trams, buses, planes, taxis or ferries, and

c. persons who are responsible for education in primary school or upper secondary school.

 

Anyone who prevents the exercise of the profession of a person as mentioned in the second paragraph is punished with a fine or imprisonment for up to 6 months.

 

A fine is imposed on anyone who, by insulting words or other grossly offensive use of words or behavior, offends a person as mentioned in the second paragraph in the course of their professional practice.

§266. Reckless behavior

Anyone who, through intimidating or troublesome behavior or other reckless behavior, persecutes a person or in any other way violates another's peace, is punished with a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years.

§266 a. Serious personal persecution

Anyone who repeatedly threatens, follows, observes, contacts or through other comparable actions pursues another in a way that is likely to cause fear or anxiety, is punished with imprisonment of up to 4 years.

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